beethoven | ŠOSTAKOVIČ

James Conlon

James Conlon

Wednesday 2 December 2020 | H 20.30

Auditorium Manzoni

MAIN PARTNER

Program

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Leonore Ouverture n.1

DMÍTRIJ DMÍTRIEVIČ ŠOSTAKÒVIČ

Symphony n. 1 in F minor op. 10

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Symphony n. 5 in C minor op. 67

ComposERS

Ludwig Van Beethoven

Leonore Ouverture n.1

Year of composition: 1807

Movements:

1. Andante con moto; allegro con brio

Leonore is the original title of the only theatrical opera composed by Beethoven, later entitled Fidelio. The Overture n.1 is the first of four overtures written for the work, an evident sign of the composer’s commitment to “opera”: rewriting, deleting and redoing to produce four versions of the same overture is a reflection of a partially deaf and mature Beethoven, in search of the better way to convey the moods contained in the libretto by Bouilly Léonore, ou L’amour conjugal. If the Andante con moto evokes the anguish of Florestano’s captivity, the Allegro conveys the happiness for his release.

Dmitrij Dmitrievič Sostakovic

Symphony n. 1 in F minor op. 10

Year of composition: 1923/1925

First performance: Aula Bol’šoj, Leningrad,  May 12, 1926

Movements:

1. Allegretto
2. Allegro
3. Lento
4. Allegro molto

Dmitrij Šostakovič was not yet twenty years old at the time of the first performance of Symphony n. 1. Although it was composed by a student, it is very rare to find, in debut works like this, an aesthetic project that has been carried out so well. In the symphonic Šostakovič, one element is very clear: it is understood that the symphony is a sort of biographical novel, like a story. Also the First Symphony seems to exhibit an unspoken program, a pantomime character, exquisitely like the author, has travelled through the score since the opening movement.

Šostakovič’s first work also carries with it many hereditary traits, such as the marked development of the Čiajkovskian idea of ​​giving depth to the symphonic narrative by placing long slow movements in unexpected areas.

Ludwig Van Beethoven

Symphony n. 5 in C minor op. 67

Year of composition: 1807/1808

First performance: Vienna, Theater an der Wien,  December 22, 1808

Movements:

1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante con moto
3. Scherzo, allegro
4. Allegro

Symphony n. 5 it’s not only Beethoveen’s symphonic work that had the longest and most troubled maturation, but also the most dramatic piece written by the composer: the famous four-note motif that opens the first movement perfectly represents the feeling of anguish felt by the composer by the relentless advance of deafness. It is precisely from that small melodic-rhythmic cell, a very short impulse, that Beethoven builds all the architecture of the first half, composed of a wonderful series of variations and contrasts. The Andante con moto eases the tension caused by the swirl of the first movement, while keeping it subtended, before the return of the first famous thematic recording in the Allegro.

ORCHESTRA OF THE TEATRO COMUNALE DI BOLOGNA

With its long-standing tradition, the Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna has been led by Musical Directors like Sergiu Celibidache, Zoltán Peskó, Vladimir Delman, Riccardo Chailly, Daniele Gatti, Michele Mariotti. Some of the conductors who have worked with the ensemble include Gary Bertini, Myung-Whun Chung, James Conlon, Pinchas Steinberg, Valery Gergiev, Eliau Inbal, Vladimir Jurowskij, Daniel Oren, Peter Maag, Neville Marriner, Kurt Masur, Riccardo Muti, Mstislav Rostropovič, Esa Pekka Salonen, Georg Solti, Christian Thielemann, Charles Dutoit, Georges Prêtre. The Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale is often invited abroad (The Netherlands, Romania, Spain, France, and Switzerland) and has played in many prestigious festivals (Amsterdam 1987, Parma 1990, Wiesbaden 1994, Santander 2004 and 2008, Aix en Provence 2005, Savonlinna 2006, Macao 2013, Muscat 2015, Guanajuato in Mexico 2017, Paris 2018). A special connection  with Japan has brought to several tours, including the tour in June 2019 in Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama, Fukuoka, with performances of Rigoletto directed by Alessio Pizzech, and of Il Barbiere di Siviglia directed by Federico Grazzini.

Its numerous recordings include La Favorite conducted by Richard Bonynge; Oberto Conte di San Bonifacio conduted by Zoltán Peskó, Il Barbiere di Siviglia conducted by Giuseppe Patané, La Fille du Régiment conducted by Bruno Campanella, Le Maschereand La Bohème conducted by Gianluigi Gelmetti, La Scala di Seta conducted by Gabriele Ferro, Macbeth, Manon Lescaut, Rigoletto, La Cenerentola, Messa Solenne,and the video production of Vespri siciliani and Giovanna d’Arco and Wertherconducted by Riccardo Chailly, Armide conducted by  Daniele Gatti, Simon Boccanegra conducted by Michele Mariotti.

The Orchestra, conducted by Michele Mariotti, has recorded a CD under the label Decca with sacred arias sung by Juan Diego Flórez, and an album under Sony with Romantic arias sung by Nino Machaidze. Under Deutsche Grammophon the Orchestra recorded Le Comte Ory with Flórez, and La Nuit de Mai – a selection or arias and songs by Leoncavallo – with Placido Domingo. Under the label PENTATONE it recently released a CD containing overtures by Rossini, to celebrate 150 years since the death of the composer.

In March 2013 the artistic ensembles of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna, led by Michele Mariotti, opened the IV International Festival Mstislav Rostropovich in Moscow, where they performed Verdi’s Messa da Requiem. In October 2015, again with Michele Mariotti on the podium, they opened the Lingotto Music Festival at the Auditorium Giovanni Agnelli in Turin, where they performed Stabat Mater by Rossini, and his Overture and Ballet Music from Guillaume Tell.

After working with the Rossini Opera Festival for nearly thirty years (from 1988 to 2016), the year 2017 brought new collaborations between the Teatro Comunale di Bologna and the Verdi Festival in Parma, where the Orchestra performed, among other productions, the Stiffelio directed by Graham Vick. Staged at the Teatro Farnese, the show was highly appreciated by audience and critics alike and was granted the Special Prize at the 37th edition of the “Franco Abbiati” Critics award. The Orchestra’s engagements with the Verdi Festival for the Fall of 2019 include Luisa Miller at the Chiesa di San Francesco del Prato in Parma, and Aida at the Teatro Verdi in Busseto.

The Teatro Comunale’s 2018 production of La Bohème staged by Graham Vick received the Abbiati Award as best show.