STAGIONE SINFONICA 2022

SCHUBERT | BRUCKNER

Hartmut Haenchen, direttore

Teatro Comunale di Bologna Orchestra

Friday 1 Apr | H 8.30pm

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Harmut Haenchen

PROGRAM

Franz Schubert

Symphony No. 5 in B flat major, D 485

Age of composition: 1816
First performance: October 17 1841, Wien
Movements: 

  1. Allegro 
  2. Andante con moto
  3. Menuetto. Allegro molto. Trio 
  4. Allegro vivace

It is 1816 and Schubert is only nineteen years old when he writes his Fifth Symphony. He will die just twelve years later, his style is maturing towards the full affirmation of his personality, but still in the shadow of Mozart and Haydn. It is in the Fifth that he emphasizes this link, moving away from the line drawn by Beethoven – in 1816 already author of eight symphonies – with a reduced organic, without trumpets, timpani or clarinets, on the model of Mozart’s Symphony No. 40. The delicate chamber treatment, however, already reveals the typical traits of Schubert’s mature style in harmonic solutions and melodic inventiveness, which unfolds between singing lightness, brilliant steps and references to the Ländler, popular relative of Walzer.

Anton Bruckner

Symphony No. 3 in D minor, “Wagner-Symphonie”

Age of composition: 1889
Firt performance: december 16 1877, Wien
Movements: 

  1. Allegro 
  2. Andante con moto
  3. Menuetto. Allegro molto. Trio 
  4. Allegro vivace

Vienna, Großer Musikvereinsaal, 16 December 1877. An openly hostile orchestra makes deliberate mistakes in front of the composer who, on the podium, does not hold back tears, while the audience leaves the room between lazzi and sneers. Only about twenty supporters remain, mostly students of the author. With this painful fiasco was consummated the premiere of Bruckner’s Third Symphony, an appreciated teacher and organist but still little considered composer, overwhelmed by the fierce controversy between Brahms partisans, including the influential critic Hanslick, and Wagner, dedicatee of the opera. The subject of subsequent alterations, however, was also Bruckner’s First Symphony to be published, marking the first step towards its affirmation.

TEATRO COMUNALE DI BOLOGNA ORCHESTRA

With its long-standing tradition, the Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna has been led by Musical Directors like Sergiu Celibidache,Zoltán Peskó, Vladimir Delman, Riccardo Chailly, Daniele Gatti, Michele Mariotti. Some of the conductors who have worked with the ensemble include Gary Bertini, Myung-Whun Chung, James Conlon, Pinchas Steinberg, Valery Gergiev, Eliau Inbal, Vladimir Jurowskij, Daniel Oren, Peter Maag, Neville Marriner, Kurt Masur, Riccardo Muti, Mstislav Rostropovič, Esa Pekka Salonen, Georg Solti, Christian Thielemann, Charles Dutoit, Georges Prêtre. The Orchestra of the Teatro Comunale is often invited abroad (The Netherlands, Romania, Spain, France, and Switzerland) and has played in many prestigious festivals (Amsterdam 1987, Parma 1990, Wiesbaden 1994, Santander 2004 and 2008, Aix en Provence 2005, Savonlinna 2006, Macao 2013, Muscat 2015, Guanajuato in Mexico 2017, Paris 2018). A special connection with Japan has brought to several tours, including the tour in June 2019 in Osaka, Tokyo, Yokohama, Fukuoka, with performances of Rigoletto and of Il Barbiere di Siviglia.

Its numerous recordings include La Favoriteconducted by Richard Bonynge; Oberto Conte di San Bonifacio conducted by Zoltán Peskó, Il Barbiere di Siviglia conducted by Giuseppe Patané, La Fille du Régiment conducted by Bruno Campanella, Le Maschere and La Bohème conducted by Gianluigi Gelmetti, La Scala di Seta conducted by Gabriele Ferro, MacbethManon LescautRigolettoLa Cenerentola, Messa Solenne, and the video production of Vespri siciliani and Giovanna d’Arco and Werther conducted by Riccardo Chailly, Armide conducted by Daniele Gatti, Simon Boccanegra and Attila conducted by Michele Mariotti.

The Orchestra, conducted by Mariotti, has recorded a CD under the label Decca with sacred arias sung by Juan Diego Flórez, and an album under Sony with Romantic arias sung by Nino Machaidze; under Deutsche Grammophon Le Comte Ory with Flórezand La Nuit de Mai – a selection or arias and songs by Leoncavallo – with Placido Domingo; andunder the label PENTATONE it released a CD containing overtures by Rossini, to celebrate 150 years since the death of the composer. In April 2021 the Orchestra recorded under Deutsche Grammophon an album coming out soon with the tenor Benjamin Bernheim and Frédéric Chaslin on the podium.

In March 2013 the artistic ensembles of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna, led by Mariotti, opened the IV International Festival Mstislav Rostropovich in Moscow, where they performed Verdi’s Messa da Requiem. In October 2015, again with Mariotti on the podium, they opened the Lingotto Music Festival at the Auditorium Giovanni Agnelli in Turin, where they performed Stabat Mater by Rossini, and his Overture and Ballet Music from Guillaume Tell. The Teatro Comunale’s 2018 production of La Bohème conducted by Mariotti and staged by Graham Vick received the Abbiati Award as best show.

After working with the Rossini Opera Festival for nearly thirty years (from 1988 to 2016), the year 2017 brought new collaborations between the Teatro Comunale di Bologna and the Verdi Festival in Parma, where the Orchestra performed, among other productions, the Stiffelio directed by Graham Vick. Staged at the Teatro Farnese, the show was highly appreciated by audience and critics alike and was granted the Special Prize at the 37thedition of the “Franco Abbiati” Critics award. The Orchestra’s engagements with the Verdi Festival in 2019 included Luisa Miller at the Chiesa di San Francesco del Prato in Parma, and Aida at the Teatro Verdi in Busseto, and in 2020 a symphonic concert at the Parco Ducale in Parma conducted by Valery Gergiev.
Since January 2022, the Musical Director of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna has been Oksana Lyniv.